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INTERNATIONAL PARALYMPIC COMMITTEE
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Jessica Long of the United States compete in the on day 10 of the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games at the Olympic Aquatics Stadium

Jessica Long

Swimming
29
8
4

Jessica Long continued her Paralympic winning run at Rio 2016, sealing one gold, three silver and two bronze medals. Despite her relatively young age, she is one of the world’s most decorated swimmers with 23 Paralympic medals, including 13 gold, and 30 world medals consisting of 24 gold.

Four years ago, she was named the 2011-12 Paralympic Sports Woman of the Year by the United States Olympic Committee, after winning eight medals at London 2012.

Aged 12, making her the youngest member of the US Paralympics team, she made her international debut at the Athens 2004 Games and won three gold medals.

In 2006, the S8 Para swimmer broke 18 world records, including five at the 2006 IPC World Swimming Championships, where she also picked up nine gold medals. In the same year she was named U.S. Olympic Committee Paralympian of the Year and also Disabled Swimmer of the Year by Swimming World Magazine.

After winning four Paralympic golds at Beijing 2008 and six world titles at the 2010 IPC Swimming World Championships, Long added to her medal collection at the 2013 IPC Swimmming World Championships with three golds, one silver and a bronze. In 2015 she bagged a further four titles.

Long was adopted from a Russian orphanage at 13 months old. In 2013 she returned to Russia where she met her biological parents ahead of the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Winter Games where she presented NBC's coverage of the Games.

Biography

Impairment information

Type of Impairment
Limb deficiency
Origin of Impairment
Congenital
Classification
S8, SB7, SM8

Further personal information

Family
Partner Lucas Winters.
Other names
Tatiana Olegovna Kirillova
Residence
Baltimore, MD, USA
Occupation
Athlete
Languages
English

Sport specific information

When and where did you begin this sport?
She began swimming in her grandparents' pool and joined her first competitive team at age 10.
Why this sport?
She was originally keen on gymnastics, but due to the damage it was doing to her knees and prosthetic legs, her parents encouraged her to take up swimming instead. "I'd always loved to swim and it just felt right. My grandmother found a clipping in a local newspaper about a local swim team and we just decided to try it out. The thing that sold me was that I didn't have to wear prosthetics."
Name of coach
Queenie Nichols [national]

General interest

Nicknames
Aquawoman (paralympic.org, 12 Jul 2015)
Hobbies
Yoga, reading, pilates, spending time with family. (Twitter profile, 11 Apr 2018; teamusa.org, 01 Jan 2018)
Most influential person in career
Her family. (livinghealthe.com, 09 May 2013)
Hero / Idol
Her younger sister Hannah. "I'm the older sister. I always say that she should be, I hope, looking up to me, but I have found my entire life that I'm looking up to her." (publiclibrariesonline.org, 12 July 2018)
Injuries
She struggled with shoulder problems in the lead-up to the 2016 Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. (swimmingworldmagazine.com, 01 Dec 2017)

In April 2011 she had an illness called costochondritis that affected her blood flow and made her tired. (usaswimming.org, 04 Oct 2011)

She had a burst appendix in early 2008. (Baltimore Sun, 13 Apr 2008)
Sporting philosophy / motto
"The only disability in life is a negative attitude.” (medium.com, 09 Jul 2019)
Awards and honours
She received the 2015 Trischa L. Zorn Award, given by USA Swimming for the outstanding performance of the year by a Para swimmer. (usaswimming.org, 03 Oct 2015)

She was named the 2014 Para Swimming Female Athlete of the Year by website swimswam.com. (swimswam.com, 29 Dec 2014)

She was named Best Female Athlete with an Impairment at the Excellence in Sports Performance Yearly [ESPY] Awards in the United States of America in 2007, 2012 and 2013. (swimswam.com, 18 Jul 2013; teamusa.org, 12 Jul 2012)

She was named the 2011/12 Paralympic Sportswoman of the Year by the United States Olympic Committee [USOC]. (teamusa.org, 17 Sep 2012)

She was named Para Swimmer of the Year by Swimming World Magazine in 2006 and 2011. (bbc.com, 28 Aug 2012; paralympic.org, 14 May 2008)

In 2008 she received the Juan Antonio Samaranch International Olympic Committee [IOC] President's Para Athlete Award. (paralympic.org, 14 May 2008)

In 2007 she became the first Para athlete to win the Amateur Athletic Union's Sullivan Award, which is given to the best amateur athlete in the United States of America. (US Paralympics, 04 Mar 2010)

She was named the 2006 Paralympian of the Year by USOC. (paralympic.org, 14 May 2008)
Other sports
She finished second in speed climbing [rock climbing] at the 2006 Extremity Games in Orlando, FL, United States of America. (US Paralympics, 04 Mar 2010)
Ambitions
To compete at the 2020 Paralympic Games in Tokyo. (teamusa.org, 01 Jan 2018)
Impairment
She was born without fibula bones, ankles or heels. Her legs were amputated below the knee at age 18 months. (caymancompass.com, 17 Jun 2019)
Other information
MARRIAGE PLANS
She is engaged to partner Lucas Winters. The couple plan to marry on 11 October 2019. (Facebook page, 30 Apr 2019)

PARALYMPIC RECOGNITION
She believes the decision by the United States Olympic Committee to change its name to the United States Olympic and Paralympic Committee in June 2019 will improve perception and participation levels in Para sport. "When I was on the Beijing [2008 Paralympic Games] team with my friends, we were like, 'Do you think we will ever get to that point? Do you think people will ever recognise Paralympics?' For it to be in the name, it's a huge, huge step. I am positive there are athletes out there that are very new to the Paralympic movement, and hearing the name change is going to bring in more athletes. And honestly it really is all about the next generation." (nytimes.com, 29 Jun 2019)

TAKING A BREAK
After the 2017 World Championships in Mexico City, Mexico, she took some time away from competition to coach an all-girls school swim team in Baltimore, MD, United States of America. "Seeing their work ethic and how excited they were to train in a sport I'm so passionate about was incredible. I took a step back from the sport while still being a part of the sport, and it really helped me fall in love with swimming again and confirm that I still wanted to be a part of this." (teamusa.org, 28 Mar 2018)

EARLY DAYS
Born in Siberia, Russian Federation, she was adopted by US couple Beth and Steve Long from an orphanage at age 13 months. In 2013 she travelled to Tem, Russian Federation, where she met with her biological parents. "I really dreamed of this moment. My parents in the US always told me that I was adopted. It's never been a secret to me." (dreamon.world, 19 Mar 2018; dailymail.co.uk, 16 Dec 2013; siberiantimes.com, 07 Dec 2013)

BOOK
A photographic memoir about her life was published in June 2018. She co-wrote the book, called 'Unsinkable', with her sister Hannah. (swimmingworldmagazine.com, 27 Jun 2018; teamusa.org, 28 Mar 2018)

Results

Unit Date Rank
IPC Swimming World Championships Eindhoven 2010 (Eindhoven, Netherlands)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 2
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Heat 2 1
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Final Round 1
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Heat 2 1
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Final Round 2
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Heat 2 1
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Heat 2 1
Women's 4x100 m Medley 34pts Final Round 1
Women's 4x100 m Medley 34pts Heat 1 3
Women's 4x100 m Freestyle 34pts Final Round 1
Women's 4x100 m Freestyle 34pts Heat 2 2
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Final Round 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Heat 1 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Heat 1 1
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Final Round 1
Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games (Beijing, China)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Final Round 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Heat 2 1
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Final Round 2
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Heat 2 2
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Final Round 3
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Final Round 1
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Heat 2 2
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 1
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Heat 2 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Heat 3 1
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 6
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Heat 2 1
IPC Swimming World Championships Durban 2006 (Durban, South Africa)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Heats 1
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 1
Women's 4x100 m Freestyle 34 pts Final Round 1
Women's 4x100 m Medley 34 pts Final Round 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Final Round 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Heats 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 1
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 1
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Heats 1
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Heats 1
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Final Round 1
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Heats 1
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Final Round 1
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Heats 1
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Final Round 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Heats 1
Athens 2004 Paralympic Games (Athens, Greece)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 4x100 m Freestyle 34 pts Final Round 1
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 1
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Heat 2 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Heat 2 1
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 5
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Heat 1 3
London 2012 Paralympic Games (London, Great Britain)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Heat 2 2012-08-30 2
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Final Round 2012-08-30 1
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Heat 2 2012-08-31 1
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 2012-08-31 1
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Final Round 2012-09-01 1
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Heat 2 2012-09-01 1
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Heat 2 2012-09-02 2
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 2012-09-02 5
Women's 4x100 m Freestyle 34pts Final Round 2012-09-03 2
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Heat 1 2012-09-04 1
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Final Round 2012-09-04 2
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Heat 2 2012-09-05 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Final Round 2012-09-05 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Heat 3 2012-09-06 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 2012-09-06 1
Women's 4x100 m Medley 34pts Final Round 2012-09-07 3
2013 IPC Swimming World Championships (Montreal, Canada)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Heat 2 2013-08-13 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Final 1 2013-08-13 1
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Final 1 2013-08-14 1
Women's 4x100 m Freestyle 34pts Final 1 2013-08-15 3
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Final 1 2013-08-16 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Final 1 2013-08-17 2
Women's 4x100 m Medley 34pts Final 1 2013-08-18 9999
2015 IPC Swimming World Championships (Glasgow, Great Britain)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Final 1 2015-07-13 1
Women's 50 m Butterfly S8 Intermediate Time 2015-07-13 9999
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Heat 2 2015-07-14 1
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Final 1 2015-07-14 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Final 1 2015-07-15 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Heat 1 2015-07-15 1
Women's 4x100 m Freestyle 34pts Final 1 2015-07-16 2
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Final 1 2015-07-16 2
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Heat 1 2015-07-16 2
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Heat 1 2015-07-17 1
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Final 1 2015-07-17 1
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Final 1 2015-07-18 2
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Heat 1 2015-07-18 1
Women's 4x100 m Medley 34pts Final 1 2015-07-19 4
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Heat 1 2015-07-19 7
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Final 1 2015-07-19 4
Rio 2016 Paralympic Games (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 2016-09-08 2
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Heat 2 2016-09-08 1
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Final Round 2016-09-09 3
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Heat 1 2016-09-09 1
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Heat 1 2016-09-10 1
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Final Round 2016-09-10 2
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Final Round 2016-09-11 4
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Heat 1 2016-09-11 1
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Heat 1 2016-09-13 1
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Final Round 2016-09-13 3
Women's 4x100 m Freestyle 34pts Final Round 2016-09-15 2
Women's 50 m Freestyle S8 Heat 2 2016-09-16 5
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Heat 2 2016-09-17 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Final Round 2016-09-17 1
Mexico City 2017 World Para Swimming Championships (Mexico City, Mexico)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 100 m Breaststroke SB7 Final 1 2017-12-03 1
Women's 100 m Freestyle S8 Final 1 2017-12-03 1
Women's 4x100 m Freestyle 34pts Final 1 2017-12-03 1
Women's 4x100 m Medley 34pts Final 1 2017-12-05 1
Women's 100 m Backstroke S8 Final 1 2017-12-05 1
Women's 400 m Freestyle S8 Final 1 2017-12-06 1
Women's 100 m Butterfly S8 Final 1 2017-12-06 1
Women's 200 m Individual Medley SM8 Final 1 2017-12-07 1