Classification Rules and Regulations
PLEASE NOTE: The current IPC Shooting Classification Rules and Regulations were published and came into force February 2014.
The rules reflect the wording of the IPC Classification Code and are a revised version of the previous IPC Classification Rules.
Also in the Related Documents section on this page are:
> IPC Shooting Classification Form (for International Classifers only)
What is Classification?
To ensure competition is fair and equal, all Paralympic sports have a system in place which ensures that winning is determined by skill, fitness, power, endurance, tactical ability and mental focus, the same factors that account for success in sport for able bodied athletes.
This process is called classification and its purpose is to minimise the impact of impairments on the activity (sport discipline). Having the impairment thus is not sufficient. The impact on the sport must be proved, and each in Paralympic sport, the criteria of grouping athletes by the degree of activity limitation resulting from the impairment are named ‘Sport Classes’. Through classification, it is determined which athletes are eligible to compete in a sport and how athletes are grouped together for competition. This, to a certain extent, is similar to grouping athletes by age, gender or weight.
Classification is sport-specific because an impairment affects the ability to perform in different sports to a different extent. As a consequence, an athlete may meet the criteria in one sport, but may not meet the criteria in another sport.
In Shooting, there are three different sport classes for athletes with physical impairments:
Sport Class SH1 (Pistol):
This sport class is designnated to athletes with upper and/ or lower limb impairment for competition in Pistol events.
Sport Class SH1 (Rifle):
This sport class is designnated to athletes with lower limb impairment for competition in Rifle events.
Sport Class SH2:
This sport class is for rifle events only, and is designated to athletes with upper limb impairment (which necessitates them to use a shooting stand to support the rifle), all or not in combination with lower limb impairment.