Wheelchair rugby was developed in Canada in the 1970s by athletes with quadriplegia and combines elements of rugby, basketball and handball.

Wheelchair rugby has been a Paralympic sport since 2000


After being presented as a demonstration sport at the Atlanta 1996 Paralympic Games, it made its debut as a medal sport at the Sydney 2000 Paralympics.

Wheelchair rugby is a mixed-team sport for male and female athletes. Players compete in manual wheelchairs specifically designed for the sport. Players must meet minimum disability criteria and be classifiable under the sport classification rules.

Wheelchair rugby is now an established Paralympic sport, with 28 countries having competed in international competitions and listed on the world ranking list, while more than 10 others are developing national programmes.

The International Wheelchair Rugby Federation (IWRF) is the global governing body of the sport.