What is the Board of Appeal of Classification?

The Board of Appeal of Classification (BAC) is an independent body that considers, and where deemed appropriate, conducts hearings regarding classification appeals.

The primary purpose of the Board of Appeal of Classification is to hear athlete classification appeals in various Para sports across the Paralympic Movement. For each specific appeal three panel members are usually appointed from the pool of panel members, to act as a hearing panel. The chair of each hearing panel is responsible for writing a full and reasoned judgment in each case.

How does an athlete make an appeal?

A classification appeal can only be brought forward by an athlete’s respective National Paralympic Committee or National Federation, whichever is the member of the International Federation (IF) governing the sport.

What sports does the BAC have jurisdiction over?

The BAC currently has jurisdiction over classification appeals in the following sports: Badminton World Federation; World Archery; World Para Alpine Skiing; World Para Athletics; World Para Dance Sport; World Para Ice Hockey; World Para Nordic Skiing; World Para Powerlifting; World Para Snowboard; World Para Swimming; World Shooting Para Sport.

Who do I contact for more information about the BAC?

Any appeal or general enquiries regarding the BAC should be made to: [email protected] 
Any media enquiries on classification should be made to: [email protected]

Who are the panel members on the BAC?

The BAC members have a range of expertise in law, medicine, science, classification and/or Para sports. They hold a volunteer position typically on a four-year term. The BAC panel members must be independent from the IPC and able to appropriately manage any other potential conflicts of interest. Below is a list of the current BAC members:




Fred Jansen With over four decades of Para sport expertise, Fred is the former chair of the International Para Shooting Committee. He is also a former member of the Governing Board of the IPC and a member of the BAC. Since 2019 Fred has been acting chair of the BAC.


Hassan Abdallah

A lawyer from Lebanon currently practising in Dubai, Hassan has a Masters in International Sports Law and has acted as a Legal Counsel at the Saudi Arabian Football Federation (Disciplinary and Ethics Committee).

Ross Ashcroft

With multiple legal qualifications, Ross has gained extensive professional experience in academia and the legal profession promoting and advocating on issues of human rights, justice, procedural fairness and inclusion.

 Felipe       Cárdenas Colombian lawyer who specialises in sports, entertainment and corporate law. With an MBA in Sports Management, for over 10 years he has been providing legal services for national and international clients involved in the sports and entertainment industry.

Dr Tiago Carvalho

A sports law and corporate law specialist, Tiago is currently taking a Masters in Sports Management. A previous BAC member, he has also been a member of the IPC’s Legal and Ethics Committee since 2019.

Chris Cohen

Chris was Chairman of IPC Athletics for almost 20 years. During that time also he was involved in the development of classification systems to bring each of the disability groups to the heart of the athletics programme.

Alan Dickson

Alan has been involved in disability sport since 1993 and was President of Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association. He served for eight years on the Governing Board of the IPC, and also chaired the IPC Legal and Ethics Committee for eight years.

Owain Rhys James

A barrister with a private practice in Wales, Owain is also a Deputy District Judge. He has an MSc in Dispute Resolution and is involved with sports regulation and discipline, both domestically and internationally.

Barry Lysaght

Barry is a lawyer with expertise in the disciplinary and regulatory functions of international federations. He served as Senior Legal Counsel at the FIA and Legal Group Leader at FIFA. Barry was previously Managing Editor of the Asser International Sports Law Journal.

Bethan Mitchell

Bethan trained as a commercial litigator and worked for a major international law firm on complex, high-value and multi-jurisdictional cases, before joining The Football Association as a football regulatory and litigation lawyer. She is a non-executive director of NGB Welsh Triathlon.

Andrew Moroney

Andrew is an English-qualified solicitor working for the largest law firm in the Middle East. He handles commercial, regulatory and disciplinary matters for a suite of major sports. Previously, he was Legal Counsel at The Football Association.

Oghenewaire Jennifer Nikoro Legal practitioner based in Lagos State, Nigeria. Trained in mediation and arbitration, Jennifer was called to the Nigerian bar in November 2018. Born without right forelimbs, Jennifer also runs a foundation called LIFE Beyond Disability, that encourages persons with disabilities to be an active part of their communities.  

Chiara Perona

Chiara is a lawyer specialising in sport. In addition to running her own practice, she is a member of the Italian Olympic Committee’s educational body, running courses for athletes, coaches, referees and representatives. She also advises the Italian Football Referees’ Association.

Alberto Predieri

Alberto is an Italian corporate and commercial lawyer with a focus on cross-border deals. He has been involved in sport as an athlete, an administrator for international sailing organisations, and in a professional capacity, offering legal advice to teams.

Dr David Sharpe

David QC is a barrister practising in the UK, Ireland and internationally. He is dual-qualified as a physician and has experience in emergency and sports medicine. David is an expert in sports law and sits as an arbitrator for several sport dispute resolution bodies.

Joe Walsh

Joe is a two-time Paralympian and Paralympic bronze medallist in Nordic skiing. He was Managing Director of Paralympics for the US Olympic and Paralympic Committee from 2001-2012 and worked on six Paralympic Games. He served as Vice President of the International Blind Sports Federation from 2013-2017.


Where can I find more information about the BAC and make an appeal?

Please click on the links below for:

Board of Appeal of Classification Bylaws

Notice of Appeal form – required to make an appeal