Equestrian became a part of the Paralympic Games for the first time in 1996 in Atlanta. It is open to athletes with any type of physical or vision impairment. Events are mixed and grouped according to their functional profiles.

Equestrian has been a Paralympic sport since 1996


Athletes can compete in dressage events, a championship test of set movements and a freestyle test to music. There is also a team test that involves three to four members.

Riders are judged on their display of horsemanship skills and are permitted to use devices such as dressage crops, connecting rein bars, rubber bands and other aids.

Eleven gold medals were up for grabs at Rio 2016 – an overall team medal and 10 from individual competitions in both the individual and freestyle tests across the five sport classes.