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    Sailing classification

    Three men in a boat sailing Australia’s Colin Harrison, Jonathan Harris and Russell Boaden. © • ISAF

    This is a brief overview of the sport and is in no way legally binding. In all cases the sport specific classification rules will take precedence. Should this page be out of date please contact classification@paralympic.org.

    Eligible impairment types:

    Impaired muscle power

    Athetosis

    Impaired passive range of movement

    Hypertonia

    Limb deficiency

    Ataxia

    Visual Impairment

    Short Stature

    Sport classes:

    The sport classes are different for the different competition formats in sailing. The sailors either compete on their own or in crews of two or three.

    The sailors are classified with a sport class from 1 to 7, with 7 indicating the least severe and 1 indicating the most severe eligible impairment. The following are the benchmark profiles of athletes in each sports class

    Sport class 1

    Athletes in sport class 1 may have complete Quadriplegia, a double through shoulder amputation or an equivalent activity limitation in sailing caused by the other eligible impairment types

    Sport class 2

    Athletes in sport class 2 may have a double above elbow amputation, single above elbow amputation and single below elbow amputation or an equivalent activity limitation in sailing caused by the other eligible impairment types.

    Sport class 3

    Athletes in sport class 3 may have a single above knee amputation and single above elbow amputation, double below elbow amputation or an equivalent activity limitation in sailing caused by the other eligible impairment types. These athletes may also have a visual impairment equivalent to B1 as described in section 4 above.

    Sport class 4

    Athletes in sport class 4 may have a single through shoulder amputation, double above knee amputation, double below knee amputation without prostheses, single above knee and single below knee amputation without prostheses or an equivalent activity limitation in sailing caused by the other eligible impairment types.

    Sport class 5

    Athletes in sport class 5 may have a single above elbow amputation, single above knee amputation and single below knee amputation with prostheses or an equivalent activity limitation in sailing caused by the other eligible impairment types. These athletes may also have a visual impairment equivalent to B2 with a higher visual acuity than athletes competing in the Sport Class 3 and/ or a visual field of less than 5 degrees radius.

    Sport class 6

    Athletes in sport class 6 may have a double below knee amputation with prostheses, single below elbow amputation or have an equivalent activity limitation in sailing caused by the other eligible impairment types.

    Sport class 7

    Athletes in sport class 7 may have a single above knee amputation, single below knee amputation without prosthesis (excluding Symes amputation or equivalent), short stature or an equivalent activity limitation in sailing caused by the other eligible impairment types. These athletes may also have a visual impairment equivalent to B3; they are the least severe visual impairment eligible for Paralympic sport. They have the highest visual acuity and/or a visual field of less than 20 degrees radius.

    Events:

    Three-person keelboat

    To make sure that no crew has an advantage or disadvantage in competition due to impairment, each crew is only allowed a maximum of 14 points.

    Two-person keelboat

    One sailor has to be allocated the sport class “TPA” and the other one has to be allocated the sport class “TPB.” One of the crew members must be female.

    The sport class TPA includes athletes with more severe impairments, which are equivalent to a sport class 1 or 2. Athletes with complete tetraplegia or a double above-the-elbow amputation could, for example, compete in the TPA sport class.

    The sport class TPB means that an athlete only has to meet the minimum impairment criteria for sailing. Therefore, athletes of all seven sport classes could compete in the TPB sport class, including athletes with visual impairment.

    Single-person keelboat

    To sail on the single-person keelboat athletes only have to pass the minimum impairment criteria.

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