Skiers in the sitting category compete in a sit-ski, which is a chair equipped with a pair of skis. More specifically, the sit-ski consists of a pair of cross-country skis with a conventional binding assembled to a light aluminum frame with a seat. The height and angle of the seat are defined but allow for individual adjustment depending on the degree of impairment. Additionally, it is allowed to attach a supportive back.
In contrary, standing skiers use conventional cross-country races skis, which are of fiberglass-composite construction.
Skiers with a visual impairment compete with a guide.
The sport is governed by IPC Nordic Skiing.
Para-cross-country skiers can compete in individual or relay, classical or freestyle events ranging from 2.5km and 20km.