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female Nordic skier Oksana Masters competess on the snow

Oksana Masters

Nordic Skiing | Cycling | Rowing
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Oksana Masters is just returning to competition after an injury that jeopardised her participation at PyeongChang 2018. The US Nordic skier prefers to take it slowly, which is why she decided not to take part in all events at the 2018-19 World Cup circuit.

Masters still managed to win three golds, three silvers and one bronze.

Only weeks before the Opening Ceremony of the 2018 Paralympic Winter Games, she dislocated her elbow and thought all her hard work would be for nothing.

With the support of her team and closest people, she recovered just in time to compete in South Korea. Despite feeling constant pain, Masters won double gold in the women’s cross-country middle distance and sprint sitting.

She followed that up with silver in the biathlon sprint and long distance, and bronze in the cross-country long distance.

In 2017, an impressive performance saw her power to the top of the podium four times at the World Championships in Finsterau, Germany - and a sweep of the cross-country events.

It also included a gold in biathlon, something which Masters herself said she could not quite believe having previously struggled with shooting. A win of the cross-country World Cup rounded off an excellent season in addition to a top three finish in biathlon.

Originally from Ukraine, Masters’ well-documented life story includes being exposed to radiation from the infamous Chernobyl nuclear power plant explosion and being sent to live in an orphanage after being born with limb impairments.

Masters started rowing when she was 14 years old after being adopted by a US woman. Soon after her bronze medal-winning performance at London 2012 with rowing partner Rob Jones, which propelled her to national fame and an appearance in ESPN’s The Body Issue, Masters decided a change of sport was needed and set about learning Nordic skiing.

In 2013, she was named to the US Paralympics Nordic Skiing Development Team.

After an incredibly successful first season on the World Cup circuit in 2013-14, finishing as world No.6, Masters got her ticket to Sochi 2014.

She went on to beat the likes of world No.1 Andrea Eskau of Germany and world No.2 - Norway’s Mariann Marthinsen - to claim silver in the cross-country long distance.

She also won bronze in the cross-country middle distance.

To round-off a whirlwind couple of seasons, Masters got the chance to compete at home at the 2015 World Championships, where she won a silver and bronze medal in cross-country events.

Biography

Impairment information

Type of Impairment
Limb deficiency
Origin of Impairment
Congenital

Further personal information

Family
Partner Aaron Pike
Residence
United States
Occupation
Athlete
Languages
English
Higher education
Business - DeVry University: United States

Sport specific information

When and where did you begin this sport?
She took up Nordic skiing in 2013 in Breckenridge, CO, United States of America.
Why this sport?
"Cross-country skiing was an accident. I love winter, I love snow, I lived in Buffalo, I am from Ukraine where it gets cold in winter, so it is in my blood. A cross-country skiing coach heard that I wanted to try it and gave me that opportunity. A few weeks later I got to go out on the snow and try it, and I fell in love with it."

International debut

Year
2013 [Para Nordic skiing]
Competing for
United States

General interest

Nicknames
Roxy, Oops-Ana Grace, Mustafa, Oks (Facebook profile, 16 Apr 2020; teamusa.org, 14 Nov 2013; leoweekly.com, 25 May 2011)
Most influential person in career
Her adoptive mother Gay, Nordic skiing coach Eileen Carey, rowing coach Bob Hurley. (Athlete, 29 Mar 2018)
Hero / Idol
German Para Nordic skier Anja Wicker. (OIS, 08 Mar 2022)
Injuries
She underwent surgery to remove a tumour in her femur in mid-2021. She went on to win two gold medals in cycling at the 2020 Paralympic Games in Tokyo. (self.com, 01 Sep 2021; olympics.nbcsports.com, 30 Aug 2021)

She fractured her right elbow three weeks prior to the start of the 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. At the time she was told she would not be able to compete in Pyeongchang, but she recovered in time to win five medals. After the Games she underwent two operations, and she returned to competition in December 2018. (paralympic.org, 17 Dec 2018; teamusa.org, 26 Apr 2018; pyeongchang2018.com, 10 Mar 2018)

After the 2012 Paralympic Games in London she suffered a back injury that forced her to retire from rowing. (si.com, 23 May 2021; oksanamastersusa.com, 2017)
Superstitions / Rituals / Beliefs
"I get up extra early to take time in my coffee process. I will always, always pack my race bag the night before. On the start line, as the clock starts counting down and beeping with five seconds to go I breathe in and say to myself, 'I am', then breathe out and say to myself, 'Strong'. Some positive affirmations while keeping my heart rate in control." (nbcolympics.com, 27 Aug 2021)
Sporting philosophy / motto
"Success, for me, has no definitive start or end; it is an everlasting pursuit of that which scares me most. That's the place I truly live." (oksanamastersusa.com, 13 Mar 2022)
Awards and honours
She received the 2020 Laureus Award for Sportsperson of the Year with a Disability. (paralympic.org, 18 Feb 2020)

In 2019 she was named Team USA's Female Paralympic Athlete of the Year. (courier-journal.com, 22 Nov 2019)

In 2018 she was named Individual Sportswoman of the Year by the Women's Sports Foundation in New York City, NY, United States of America. (paralympic.org, 23 Oct 2018)

She was named Team USA's Female Paralympic Athlete of the Games after winning five medals at the 2018 Paralympic Winter Games in Pyeongchang. (teamusa.org, 26 Apr 2018)

She was named the 2018 Women's Sports Foundation Athlete of the Year. (Facebook page, 26 Dec 2020)

She was flag bearer for the United States of America at the closing ceremony of the 2018 Paralympic Winter Games in Pyeongchang. (teamusa.org, 16 Mar 2018)

She was named the 2017 Para Nordic Skier of the Year by online publication FasterSkier. (fasterskier.com, 10 Apr 2017)

She was named the 2012 United States [US] Rowing Female Athlete of the Year. (teamusa.org, 14 Nov 2013)
Other sports
She has competed at the Paralympic Games in rowing, road cycling, cross-country skiing, and biathlon. She won two gold medals in road cycling at the 2020 Games in Tokyo, and claimed a total of 14 medals [five gold] in Nordic skiing at the Winter Games between 2014 and 2022. She also won a bronze medal in rowing at the 2012 Games in London. (SportsDeskOnline, 22 Sep 2022; Facebook page, 26 Dec 2020; paralympic.org, 2017)
Milestones
At the 2022 Paralympic Winter Games in Beijing she took her career total of Winter Games medals to 14, which is more than any other US athlete. Her seven podium finishes in Beijing is also the most medals won at a single edition of the Paralympic Winter Games by an athlete representing the United States of America. (SportsDeskOnline, 22 Sep 2022; olympics.com, 13 Mar 2022)
Famous relatives
Her partner Aaron Pike represented the United States of America in athletics at the 2012, 2016, and 2020 Paralympic Games. He also competed in biathlon and cross-country skiing at the Paralympic Winter Games in 2014, 2018, and 2022. (SportsDeskOnline, 22 Sep 2022; Instagram profile, 15 Sep 2022)
Impairment
She was born with tibial hemimelia, which meant her legs were different lengths and did not have shinbones. She also had five webbed fingers without a thumb, six toes on each foot and only one kidney. Both of her legs were amputated above the knee; one when she was age nine and the other when she was age 14. (uoflphysicians.com, 06 Mar 2014; espn.go.com, 11 Jul 2012)
Other information
UKRAINE TO UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
She was born in Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine, which is located just a few hours from Chernobyl, the scene of a nuclear accident in 1986. Her birth mother's exposure to radiation from living nearby is believed to have been a factor in Masters' impairment. She was abandoned at an orphanage after she was born, and was adopted by Gay Masters at age seven and taken to the United States of America. "Where I was from, they had radiation leaks. A cop [policeman] in my village would go around and say, 'Lock up,' and you boarded your windows and doors and didn't come out for a day or two to let the radiation die down. I was in a very poor orphanage so there wasn't much food. There was never enough to satisfy the hunger. I don't remember much because many memories are blocked out. I always knew that I would have a mother, I just had to wait." (uatoday.tv, 30 Oct 2015; uoflphysicians.com, 06 Mar 2014; espn.go.com, 11 Jul 2012)

SCARS AND TATTOOS
She spent over seven years in the orphanage system in Ukraine as a child, where she said she was subjected to physical abuse that left her with numerous scars. "A scar is a story that happens to you. You don't own a scar, you survive a scar. I want to own my story. That's something I've begun to discover as I've grown older, this desire I have to reclaim my body, to reclaim my life as a story that only I get to tell. To say the hard part out loud, [that] I was abused. To define it, not let it define me. Over the course of my adulthood, that desire has manifested itself in all types of ways. It has manifested itself in a love of tattoos. Tattoos, unlike scars, you get to choose. And each tattoo I have is full of so many of my own choices. Each of them represents such an important part of me. When I get a new tattoo, it's like me saying, 'I want my story told in this colour, and this size, in this location, that looks like this, and reminds me of this, and this, and this'. So, where my actual scars might reflect these moments of powerlessness, my new scars, the way I choose to mark my body up with tattoos, I feel this deep purpose in it. I feel the most amazing sense of self." (theplayerstribune.com, 29 Dec 2020)

TWO GAMES IN SIX MONTHS
Six months after winning two gold medals in road cycling at the 2020 Paralympic Games in Tokyo, she claimed three gold medals and four silver medals in Nordic skiing at the 2022 Paralympic Winter Games in Beijing. "I think what mentally drives me [to do more than one sport] is I wasn't satisfied with how I left the sport of rowing. It wasn't my choice to walk away from it. My body failed me at that sport. I wasn't able to maintain a quality of life to pursue that sport more. You would think cross-country skiing and cycling cross over to each other really well, but it's actually the opposite. They are two separate motions. Cycling is all pushing and cross-country skiing is all about pulling. I have to de-train as we come off peak ski fitness and get into cycling shape. It's wild to see how my body physically changes. My back muscles and my lats and my triceps are so defined for skiing. When I start cycling, my back muscles and my lats disappear, and my shoulders and my chest and my biceps start to grow. It's just constantly adapting." (SportsDeskOnline, 22 Sep 2022; people.com, 18 Oct 2021; si.com, 23 May 2021; teamusa.org, 21 May 2021)

BOOK
In December 2021 she announced the release of her memoir, 'The Hard Parts'. "I'm so excited and anxious and nervous for people to know some deeper, intimate parts about my story that I recently started sharing for the first time. It was really cool to sit back and look at the journey of where I came from to where I am." (paralympic.org, 13 Dec 2021; Twitter profile, 10 Dec 2

Results

Unit Date Rank
London 2012 Paralympic Games (London, Great Britain)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Mixed Double Sculls TA Heat 2 2012-08-31 2
Mixed Double Sculls TA Heat 2 2012-09-01 1
Mixed Double Sculls TA Final A 2012-09-02 3
Paralympic Winter Games 2014 (Sochi, Russia)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 6 km Sitting Final Round 2014-03-08 4
Women's 12 km Sitting Final Round 2014-03-09 2
Women's 10 km Sitting Final Round 2014-03-11 8
Women's 1 km Sprint Sitting Final Round 2014-03-12 4
Women's 5 km Sitting Final Round 2014-03-16 3
2015 IPC Nordic Skiing World Championships Cable (Cable, United States of America)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Short Distance Sitting Race 1 2015-01-24 8
Women's Long Distance - Free Style Sitting Race 1 2015-01-25 4
Women's Middle Distance Sitting Race 1 2015-01-27 9
Women's Sprint - Classic Sitting Race 1 2015-01-28 3
Women's Middle Distance - Classic Sitting Race 1 2015-01-31 2
Mixed Relay Final 2015-02-01 7
Rio 2016 Paralympic Games (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Time Trial H4-5 Final Round 2016-09-14 5
Women's Road Race H5 Final Round 2016-09-15 4
2017 IPC Nordic skiing World Championships Finsterau, GER (Finsterau, Germany)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Middle Distance Sitting Final 2017-02-11 4
Women's Sprint - Free Style Sitting Final 2017-02-12 1
Women's Long Distance Sitting Final 2017-02-14 3
Women's Long Distance - Classic Sitting Final 2017-02-16 1
Women's Sprint Sitting Final 2017-02-18 1
Women's Middle Distance - Free Style Sitting Final 2017-02-19 1
Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games (Pyeongchang, South Korea)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 6km Sitting Final 2018-03-10 2
Women's 12km Sitting Final 2018-03-11 3
Women's 10km Sitting Final 2018-03-13 9999
Women's 1.1km Sprint Sitting Final 2018-03-14 1
Women's 12.5km Sitting Final 2018-03-16 2
Women's 5km Sitting Final 2018-03-17 1
Prince George 2019 World Para Nordic Skiing Championships (Prince George, Canada)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Middle Distance Sitting Final 2019-02-16 1
Women's Middle Distance - Free Style Sitting Final 2019-02-17 1
Women's Sprint - Free Style Sitting Final 2019-02-18 1
Women's Sprint Sitting Final 2019-02-20 1
Women's Long Distance Sitting Final 2019-02-21 2
Women's Long Distance - Classic Sitting Final 2019-02-24 1
Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games (Tokyo, Japan)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Time Trial H4-5 Final Round 2021-08-31 1
Women's Road Race H5 Final Round 2021-09-01 1
Lillehammer 2021 World Para Snow Sports Championships (Lillehammer, Norway)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Sprint Sitting Final 2022-01-15 2
Women's Middle Distance Sitting Final 2022-01-16 3
Women's Long Distance - Free Style Sitting Final 2022-01-18 1
Women's Long Distance Sitting Final 2022-01-20 3
Women's Sprint - Classic Sitting Final 2022-01-22 1
Mixed Relay Final 2022-01-23 4
Beijing 2022 Paralympic Winter Games (Beijing, China)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Sprint Sitting Final 2022-03-05 1
Women's Long Distance Sitting Final 2022-03-06 2
Women's Middle Distance Sitting Final 2022-03-08 2
Women's Sprint Sitting Final 2022-03-09 2
Women's Sprint Sitting Semifinal 1 2022-03-09 1
Women's Sprint Sitting Qualification 2022-03-09 1
Women's Individual Sitting Final Round 2022-03-11 1
Women's Middle Distance Sitting Final 2022-03-12 2
Mixed 4x2.5km Relay Final 2022-03-13 1