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INTERNATIONAL PARALYMPIC COMMITTEE
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Three female rowers in wheelchairs pose with their medals

Birgit Skarstein

Rowing

When Birgit Skarstein is not training for cross-country skiing, she is rowing.

The dual-sport machine competed at the PyeongChang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games, and now the reigning rowing world champion has turned her focus to the Summer Paralympics in 2020.

The prospect of winning gold at Tokyo 2020 look positive. She has won both her World Cups in 2019, and her winning performance at the 2018 Worlds in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, remains a World Best Time (10:13.630) in the PR1 women's single sculls (PR1 W1x).

She has come a long way since just missing the podium at the Rio 2016 Games. But that made the Norwegian hungrier for gold. She bounced back to win gold at the 2017 World Championships and is looking to make it three in a row this year in Linz-Ottensheim, Austria; she has also won every World Cup race since Rio 2016.  

Skarstein injured her left leg while jumping into a lake in 2010. During treatment, she received an epidural injection in her back that accidentally injured the spinal cord, paralysing her from the waist down.

She picked up rowing in 2012 and competed in her first major regatta at the 2013 World Cup in Varese, Italy.
Skarstein studied political science at the University of Oslo and is a member of the International Paralympic Committee’s Athletes’ Council.

Biography

Impairment information

Type of Impairment
Spinal Cord Injuries
Origin of Impairment
Acquired
Classification
PR1

Further personal information

Residence
Oslo, NOR
Occupation
Athlete
Languages
Norwegian
Higher education
Political Science - University of Oslo: Norway

Sport specific information

When and where did you begin this sport?
She took up Para rowing in 2012.
Why this sport?
Following her spinal cord injury, she initially took up Para cross-country skiing, and began Para rowing because she wanted to take part in a summer sport. "After the spinal cord injury I wanted to get back into sports and asked around to find a good summer sport. The chief of Paralympic sports in Norway guided me towards rowing as he thought that would fit my body and mind. Luckily I got straight into a really great rowing club and was taken in with spirit and lots of challenges. I just completely fell in love."
Club / Team
Christiania Roklub: Levanger, NOR
Name of coach
Johan Flodin [national], NOR
Training Regime
She includes cycling, swimming and strength work in her training programme to help maintain her fitness.

International debut

Year
2013
Competing for
Norway

General interest

Hobbies
Politics. (Athlete, 26 Feb 2018)
Hero / Idol
Norwegian cross-country skier Marit Bjorgen. (Athlete, 26 Feb 2018)
Injuries
In January 2020 she sustained a torn stomach muscle and a stress fracture in her back. (vg.no, 07 Feb 2020)

She sustained three stress fractures to her ribs in the 2015 rowing season, and required four months to recover. (aftenposten.no, 22 Jul 2016)
Superstitions / Rituals / Beliefs
She makes sure that all her clothing and equipment is ready and in place the day before a competition. (Athlete, 26 Feb 2018)
Sporting philosophy / motto
"It'll work out." (Athlete, 26 Feb 2018)
Awards and honours
In November 2019 she was named Athlete of the Month by World Rowing. (worldrowing.com, 01 Nov 2019)

She was named Female Para Athlete of the Year at the 2019 Norway Sports Gala. She also received the Honorary Prize of Egeberg, which recognises Norwegian athletes who excel in more than one sport. (aftenposten.no, 25 May 2019; innherred.no, 05 Jan 2019)

She was named flag bearer for Norway at the opening ceremony of the 2018 Paralympic Winter Games in Pyeongchang. (pyeongchang2018.com, 09 Mar 2018)

She received the 2016 Tronder Award, which recognises outstanding achievement in Trondelag, Norway. (adressa.no, 06 Jan 2017)
Other sports
She has represented Norway in Para cross-country skiing, and competed at the 2014 and 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. (SportsDeskOnline, 08 Apr 2020; global.toyota, 01 Jan 2020)
Ambitions
To win a medal in rowing at the 2020 Paralympic Games in Tokyo, and compete in cross-country skiing at the 2022 Paralympic Winter Games in Beijing. (dagbladet.no, 05 Dec 2018)
Impairment
In 2008 she sustained serious injuries to her left leg in a swimming accident in Malaysia. She jumped into the water from a jetty, but had not checked the water depth and hit the bottom. She had 16 operations, having also contracted a bacterial infection. In September 2009, in the last of those 16 operations in Norway, she received an epidural anaesthesia but it was incorrectly administered and she never regained the feeling in her legs. She now has paralysis from the waist down. (adressa.no, 20 Dec 2016; vg.no, 16 Aug 2015; skiforbundet.no, Dec 2014; kk.no, Mar 2014; vg.no, 27 Jan 2012)
Other information
COMBINING ROWING AND SKIING
She has competed in both Para rowing and Para cross-country skiing at international level. She says combining both sports has been beneficial for her training programme, motivation and has allowed her to improve as an athlete. "Rowing is my number one priority. I train and compete in skiing to become a better rower and find this to be a great combination. Changing around sports and movements makes me able to train better, to train more, and to lower the risk of injuries. Rowing does make me a better skier as it gives me strength and endurance as well as a competitive mind set. Skiing gives me the hours and hours I need as base training. Changing environments and movements keeps me sharp and hungry, and I can pick up the best parts from both environments." (worldrowing.com, 01 Nov 2019)

OTHER ACTIVITIES
She has served on the finance committee for the Oslo City Council in Norway, and has also served on the Norwegian Advisory Board of Biotechnology. (worldrowing.com, 01 Nov 2019; Athlete, 26 Feb 2018)

Results

Unit Date Rank
Paralympic Winter Games 2014 (Sochi, Russia)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 12 km Sitting Final Round 2014-03-09 12
Women's 1 km Sprint Sitting Semifinal 2014-03-12 8
Women's 5 km Sitting Final Round 2014-03-16 12
2015 IPC Nordic Skiing World Championships Cable (Cable, United States of America)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Long Distance - Free Style Sitting Race 1 2015-01-25 9
Women's Sprint - Classic Sitting Race 1 2015-01-28 11
Women's Middle Distance - Classic Sitting Race 1 2015-01-31 11
Rio 2016 Paralympic Games (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Single Sculls ASW1x Heat 1 2016-09-09 3
Women's Single Sculls ASW1x Heat 2 2016-09-10 1
Women's Single Sculls ASW1x Final A 2016-09-11 4
2017 IPC Nordic skiing World Championships Finsterau, GER (Finsterau, Germany)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Sprint - Free Style Sitting Final 2017-02-12 5
Mixed Relay Final 2017-02-15 5
Women's Long Distance - Classic Sitting Final 2017-02-16 2
Women's Middle Distance - Free Style Sitting Final 2017-02-19 3
Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games (Pyeongchang, South Korea)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's 12km Sitting Final 2018-03-11 9999
Women's 1.1km Sprint Sitting Final 2018-03-14 8
Women's 5km Sitting Final 2018-03-17 7
4x2.5km Mixed Relay Final 2018-03-18 8
Prince George 2019 World Para Nordic Skiing Championships (Prince George, Canada)
Event Medal Unit Date Rank
Women's Middle Distance - Free Style Sitting Final 2019-02-17 3
Women's Sprint - Free Style Sitting Final 2019-02-18 4
Women's Long Distance - Classic Sitting Final 2019-02-24 3